on Google

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Google began in 1996 with the work of Stanford PhD students, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, as a research project for the Stanford Digital Library Project. SDLP’s goal was “to develop the enabling technologies for a single, integrated and universal digital library.”  Brin’s contribution was a mathematical algorithm to track which web pages link to a given webpage. Soon after Brin was joined by Page, who developed a webcrawler intended for academic citation use, to prioritize and rank linked pages. Together, Brin and Page developed the PageRank algorithm, which would become the foundation for Google.

Today, Google’s mission is “to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful.” In fact, Google’s name was inspired by the vast amount of information available on the Web, and originated from a mis-spelling of the word, “googol”[12][13] which refers to the number represented by a 1 followed by one-hundred zeros. As Google gained popularity, the word ‘Google’ first appeared in the  Oxford English Dictionary as a verb in 2006, meaning “to use the Google search engine to obtain information on the Internet.”

Google’s wide range of products include the World famous search engine (and browser applications, Google Toolbar & Chrome), Google Ads (Adwords), Google Apps (including Gmail, Google Calendar and Google Docs), Google Maps and Google Mobile.

Google’s headquarters, the Googleplex is located in Mountain View, California.

Reference:

Google Corporate Info and Overview
http://www.google.com/intl/en/corporate/

Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Google#cite_note-11

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